How to determine place of supply where service provided in different states/UT in single contract 1


Section 12 of IGST Act, 2017 determines the place of supply of various services where location of both supplier and recipient of services are within India.

In case of some of services, it is provided that if such services are provided to unregistered recipients and the services are provided in different states/UT under a single contract or a consolidated sum is being paid by recipient of services for all states/UTs, place of supply shall be taken as being in each of the respective States or Union territories in proportion to the value for services separately collected or determined in terms of the contract or agreement entered into in this regard or, in the absence of such contract or agreement, on such other basis as may be prescribed.

In this article, we will discuss such services along with determination of place of supply in above-mentioned case.

Organization of Cultural, Artistic, Sporting, Scientific, Educational, Entertainment event (including services in relation to conference, fair, exhibition, celebration or similar events) and / or Services ancillary thereto organization of any of above events or assigning of sponsorship to such events {Section 12(7)}

Where the services are supplied to a person other than a registered person, and the event is held in India in more than one State or Union territory and a consolidated amount is charged for supply of such services, place of supply shall be taken according to the amount charged for each of the respective States or Union territories in terms of the contract or agreement entered into in this regard.

However, in the absence of any contract or agreement between the supplier of service and recipient of services for separately collecting or determining the value of the services in each such State or Union territory, as the case maybe, place of supply shall be determined by application of the generally accepted accounting principles.

Illustration: An event management company E has to organise some promotional events in States S1 and S2 for a recipient R. 3 events are to be organised in S1 and 2 in S2. They charge a consolidated amount of Rs.10,00,000 from R.

The place of supply of this service is in both the States S1 and S2. Say the proportion arrived at by the application of generally accepted accounting principles is 3:2. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio 3:2 in S1 and S2 respectively. The value of services provided will thus be apportioned as Rs. 6,00,000/- in S1 and Rs. 4,00,000/- in S2 .

It is pertinent to note here that above-said rule is only applicable in case recipient of service is an unregistered person under GST. This is because, in case of registered recipient, place of supply shall always be the location of such recipient irrespective of place of service.


Supply of services relating to a leased circuit {Section 12(11)}

Applicable for both registered as well as unregistered recipients

Where the leased circuit is installed in more than one State or Union territory  and a consolidated amount is charged for supply of such services, place of supply shall be taken according to the amount charged or determined for each of the respective States or Union territories in terms of the contract or agreement entered into in this regard.

However, in the absence of any contract or agreement between the supplier of service and recipient of services for separately collecting or determining the value of the services in each such State or Union territory, as the case maybe, place of supply shall be determined in the following manner :-

(a) The number of points in a circuit shall be determined in the following manner:

(i) in the case of a circuit between two points or places, the starting point or place of the circuit and the end point or place of the circuit will invariably constitute two points;

(ii) any intermediate point or place in the circuit will also constitute a point provided that the benefit of the leased circuit is also available at that intermediate point;

(b) the supply of services shall be treated as made in each of the respective States or Union territories, in proportion to the number of points lying in the State or Union territory.

Illustration 1: A company T installs a leased circuit between the Delhi and Mumbai offices of a company C. The starting point of this circuit is in Delhi and the end point of the circuit is in Mumbai. Hence one point of this circuit is in Delhi and another in Maharashtra. The place of supply of this service is in the Union territory of Delhi and the State of Maharashtra. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio of 1:1 in the Union territory of Delhi and the State of Maharashtra, respectively.

Illustration 2: A company T installs a leased circuit between the Chennai, Bengaluru and Mysuru offices of a company C. The starting point of this circuit is in Chennai and the end point of the circuit is in Mysuru. The circuit also connects Bengaluru. Hence one point of this circuit is in Tamil Nadu and two points in Karnataka. The place of supply of this service is in the States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio of 1:2 in the States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, respectively.

Illustration 3: A company T installs a leased circuit between the Kolkata, Patna and Guwahati offices of a company C. There are 3 points in this circuit in Kolkata, Patna and Guwahati. One point each of this circuit is, therefore, in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. The place of supply of this service is in the States of West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio of 1:1:1 in the States of West Bengal, Bihar and Assam, respectively.


Various services in relation to Immovable property {Section 12(3)}

i) Accommodation services in two or more states in different properties

In case of services provided by way of lodging accommodation by a hotel, inn, guest house, club or campsite, by whatever name called (except cases where such property is a single property located in two or more contiguous States or Union territories or both) and services ancillary to such services, the supply of services shall be treated as made in each of the respective States or Union territories, in proportion to the number of nights stayed in such property;

Illustration: A hotel chain X charges a consolidated sum of Rs.30,000/- for stay in its two establishments in Delhi and Agra, where the stay in Delhi is for 2 nights and the stay in Agra is for 1 night. The place of supply in this case is both in the Union territory of Delhi and in the State of Uttar Pradesh and the service shall be deemed to have been provided in the Union territory of Delhi and in the State of Uttar Pradesh in the ratio 2:1 respectively. The value of services provided will thus be apportioned as Rs.20,000/- in the Union territory of Delhi and Rs.10,000/- in the State of Uttar Pradesh .

ii) Various services in two or more states in Single property

In case of various services in relation to immovable property including services by way of accommodation in any immovable property for organising any marriage or reception etc., and in cases of supply of accommodation by a hotel, inn, guest house, club or campsite, by whatever name called where such property is a single property located in two or more contiguous States or Union territories or both, and services ancillary to such services, the supply of services shall be treated as made in each of the respective States or Union territories, in proportion to the area of the immovable property lying in each State or Union territory.

Illustration : There is a piece of land of area 20,000 square feet which is partly in State S1 say 12,000 square feet and partly in State S2, say 8000 square feet. Site preparation work has been entrusted to T. The ratio of land in the two states works out to 12:8 or 3:2 (simplified). The place of supply is in both S1 and S2. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio of 12:8 or 3:2 (simplified) in the States S1 and S2 respectively. The value of the service shall be accordingly apportioned between the States.

iii) Accommodation services by a boat/vessel moving in different states/UT

In case of services provided by way of lodging accommodation by a houseboat or any other vessel and services ancillary to such services, the supply of services shall be treated as made in each of the respective States or Union territories, in proportion to the time spent by the boat or vessel in each such State or Union territory, which shall be determined on the basis of a declaration made to the effect by the service provider.

Illustration: A company C provides the service of 24 hours accommodation in a houseboat, which is situated both in Kerala and Karnataka inasmuch as the guests board the house boat in Kerala and stay there for 22 hours but it also moves into Karnataka for 2 hours (as declared by the service provider). The place of supply of this service is in the States of Kerala and Karnataka. The service shall be deemed to have been provided in the ratio of 22:2 or 11:1 (simplified) in the states of Kerala and Karnataka, respectively. The value of the service shall be accordingly apportioned between the States.

Meaning of Various services:-

Reference to Various services in above block to be taken as :-

(a) services directly in relation to immovable property, including services provided by architects, interior decorators, surveyors, engineers and other related experts or estate agents, any service provided by way of grant of rights to use immovable property or for carrying out or co-ordination of construction work; or

(b) lodging accommodation by a hotel, inn, guest house, homestay, club or campsite, by whatever name called, and including a houseboat or any other vessel ; or

(c) accommodation in any immovable property for organising any marriage or reception or matters related thereto, official, social, cultural, religious or business function including services provided in relation to such function at such property; or

(d) any services ancillary to the services referred to in clauses (a), (b) and (c).


Followings are the cases where either location of service provider or location of service recipient is outside India (Section 13 of IGST Act)

Services supplied in respect of goods which are required to be made physically available by the recipient of services to the supplier of services {Section 13(3)(a)}
 
Where the service is supplied in more than one State or Union territory  and a consolidated amount is charged for supply of such services, place of supply shall be taken according to the amount charged or determined for each of the respective States or Union territories in terms of the contract or agreement entered into in this regard.

However, in the absence of any contract or agreement between the supplier of service and recipient of services for separately collecting or determining the value of the services in each such State or Union territory, as the case maybe, place of supply shall be determined in the following manner:-

(i) in the case of services supplied on the same goods, by equally dividing the value of the service in each of the States and Union territories where the service is performed;

(ii) in the case of services supplied on different goods, by taking the ratio of the invoice value of goods in each of the States and Union territories, on which service is performed, as the ratio of the value of the service performed in each State or Union territory;

(iii) in the case of services supplied to individuals, by applying the generally accepted accounting principles.

Illustration-1: A company C which is located in USA is providing the services of testing of a dredging machine and the testing service on the machine is carried out in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh in India. The place of supply is in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh and the value of the service in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh will be ascertained by dividing the value of the service equally between these two States.

Illustration-2: A company C which is located in Delhi is providing the service of servicing of two cars belonging to Mr. X (who belongs to USA). One car is of manufacturer J and is located in Delhi and is serviced by its Delhi workshop. The other car is of manufacturer A and is located in Gurugram and is serviced by its Gurugram workshop . The value of service attributable to the Union Territory of Delhi and the State of Haryana respectively shall be calculated by applying the ratio of the invoice value of car J and the invoice value of car A, to the total value of the service.

Illustration-3: A makeup artist M has to provide make-up services to an actor A. A is shooting some scenes in Mumbai and some scenes in Goa. M provides the makeup services in Mumbai and Goa. The services are provided in Maharashtra and Goa and the value of the service in Maharashtra and Goa will be ascertained by applying the generally accepted accounting principles.


Services in relation to immovable property {Section (13(4)}:-

In this case, all the rules as referred above in reference to section 12(3) will be applied.


Services in relation to admission or organisation of event {Section 13(5)}:-

In this case, all the rules as referred above in reference to section 12(7) will be applied.


Above-said rules to determine place of supply, in case of services supplied in two or more states under single contract or consolidated amount where division of taxable value of service is not specified for each state/UT, are issued by CBIC through notification IGST-4/2018 dated 31st December 2018 applicable w.e.f. 1st January 2019.


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